APR vs. APY: The Main Differences

ByVladana Donevski
May 17,2022

Looking to borrow money or make an investment? Understanding APR and APY in banking will help you make the right decision for your personal or business finances.

If you’ve ever invested or used credit products, you’ve considered the interest and therefore encountered the terms APR and APY at some stage. So, what difference does one letter make? Well, it marks the difference in how these financial items impact your finances.

The APY vs. APR distinction delineates the most important types of accounts: Savings/investment accounts and lines of credit. Here’s everything you need to know.

APR vs. APY: The Definitions

As you know, both terms are acronyms. APR is an abbreviation for annual percentage rate, while APY stands for annual percentage yield. Both signify a type of interest, and understanding them requires understanding compound interest in general.

Compound interest is “interest you earn on interest.” For example, standard interest is calculated as follows:

Principal figure x Interest rate x Term of agreement (usually in months)

On the other hand, with compounding interest, you will pay or earn interest on this interest. Without worrying too much about the complex formula, the key outcome is that interest grows with every payment cycle.

What Is APR?

APR in banking represents a percentage of a loan principal you’ll pay in interest for a year. In other words, APR is a borrowing term, not a savings term. 

The APR figure is achieved by multiplying the interest rate by the number of payment periods in the year. As a formula, this is expressed as:

APR = interest rate x number of annual payment cycles

Most financial products use a month-based payment cycle model. In the US, lenders are obligated to inform clients of the APR on any credit agreement, as per the 1968 Truth of Lending Act. APR includes the total borrowing costs over a year, so it should be the biggest deciding factor when considering a loan.

What Is APY?

APY in banking can relate to both borrowing and savings. In lending, APY represents the percentage of your principal you’ll pay, but with the compound interest taken into account. Although not as commonly used on borrowing, APY can be deemed more accurate than APR as it takes the compounding interest into account. Still, APY is rarely used when describing loans, and is primarily a term encountered with savings accounts. As a formula, this is expressed as:

APY = (1 + Periodic Rate) x Number of periods – 1

In other words, what APY is on a savings account, is essentially the total interest you’ll earn on a deposit account over one year, assuming that no deposits and withdrawals are made.

APR vs. APY: The Differences

Have you ever noticed that you’ve most commonly seen APY mentioned by investment companies and savings account summaries, while credit lenders tend to focus on APR? Once you see the two in practical examples, it becomes easy to see why.

If you were to borrow $1,000 with an APR of 6%, you would essentially be paying 0.5% interest per month (6% divided by 12). Each month, the interest would be $5, making for an annual interest total of $60.

Conversely, as per the APY definition in banking, the APY would mean you pay the same $5 in the first payment period. However, in the second month, you would pay 0.5% on the new balance of $1,005. And so on. Over the course of a year, it would mean paying 6.17% in interest. In this example, that’s only an extra $1.68. However, with bigger sums and a more realistic interest rate in mind, it’s easy to appreciate how it can impact every loan.

Consumers looking at credit cards, loans, and other forms of lending often prefer APR as it delivers a clear bottom-line figure. This makes it very easy to compare financial products from different lenders, but it conceals the compound interest.

When borrowing money, APY gives you a clearer understanding of what you’ll actually pay compared to the promoted APR. So, it may be the key to avoiding unexpected interest costs over the term of your agreement.

If you are an investor or lender, though, APY is the only thing you should be concerned with, as you won’t be paying interest - just collecting it.

APR vs. APY in Crypto

In addition to traditional financial products, APR and APY are two tools that are now used by lenders and investors in the crypto arena. They work the same as they do in fiat finances: APR is the interest a trader will pay on a crypto loan over the course of a year, while APY is important for investors, as it represents the return they can expect annually.

This is because it takes into account the fact that the initial investment is continually re-invested and gives you the compounding results. However, since crypto is extremely volatile, neither figure really tells borrowers or investors much about the future, as the same percentage could equate to wildly different figures in the span of just one year.

The Final Word On APR vs. APY

Both APR and APY are essential terms that relate to interest payments and may subsequently significantly influence your overall repayment obligations on borrowing accounts or the interest gained on investments and savings accounts. 

With a deeper understanding of both terms, making a calculated decision regarding the best financial products for your situation should become a lot simpler - don’t shy away from using an APY calculator, either, as that will give you the most precise numbers you might fumble while doing maths by hand.

FAQ
Why do banks use APY instead of APR?

Banks use the two terms in different circumstances. When they’re promoting savings or investment accounts, they will tell you about the APY, because that represents what your account will yield in interest over one year. When promoting a loan, they’ll talk about the APR, as that’s the primary metric loans are compared by: The total percentage you can expect to pay on your principal annually.

Is APY paid monthly?

No, APY is calculated as an annual percentage. However, on most investment accounts, interest is earned back monthly.

How do you convert APR to APY?

It is possible to work out both the APR and APY on a financial product by using an online calculator to determine the daily, weekly, monthly, or annual figures.

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Order T-shirt samples in different sizes before you make a final decision. This will help you take note of the delivery time, communication process, payments, and T-shirt quality.  Get familiar with different types of T-shirt materials, color schemes, and cuts. There is a variety of different fabrics that can be used to make a T-shirt. The most popular option is cotton, which is soft and comfortable to wear. Other popular choices include polyester and bamboo.  You'll also need some fabric printing supplies to start a T-shirt business. If you’re looking to minimize the work you have to do, you might opt for a print-on-demand service, but more on that later. Design Your T-shirts  Designing your T-shirts can be a fun part of starting a T-shirt business. You can bring your ideas to life by hand-drawing them or using illustration software and then transferring those designs onto T-shirts. If you’re not a designer, don't worry - there are plenty of ways to get great designs for your shirts, even if you are at the very start of your online T-shirt business. You can hire a freelance designer, use a design template website, or even find free designs online. Whichever route you go, make sure you do not copy someone without their permission or break any copyright laws. It is advisable to research the competition, as it is always easier to take some existing work as inspiration and slightly modify it, especially if it’s already performing well. However, improving on an existing design and copying it are two different things altogether. Once you come up with your first designs, today's offer of high-tech scanners makes it very simple to transfer them to a T-shirt. Produce Your T-shirts Starting a shirt printing business on your own means you’ll be handling every aspect of your small enterprise. Calculate for possibly significant investment upfront, as you’ll need to purchase stock and printing equipment. Still, by doing this, you’ll be able to control most of your business and improve as needed. You'll likely need access to some of the required tools: heat-press, printer, inks, dryers, and transfer paper. You can rent them or even purchase them if your budget allows it. Depending on the type of printing you choose to do, you might have to rely on different printing methods. This will determine which tools you’ll need.  Dig deep to find the right tools to create quality T-shirts you'd be comfortable selling. Higher quality products typically require better tools and equipment, which require an up-front investment. If you are looking to start a T-shirt business for free, you might find print-to-order solutions that don't require you to set up production at home. Your budget, desired quality, and the usability of gadgets can all help narrow the options down. The key is to strike a balance between the price and quality of the printing equipment, so do your research and make sure to make the best choice for yourself.  You can either screen-print the T-shirts or use a direct-to-garment printer. Whichever printing method you choose, make sure you test it out on a few shirts first to ensure the quality is good. If you can’t afford the machinery you’d like just yet, don’t lose sleep; you’re likely to change your T-shirt-making equipment down the road. As your business grows so will your operating budget. There’s a multitude of fabric printers and they are usually either inkjet or laser printers. Inkjet printers use liquid ink to create images, while laser printers use heat to fuse toner onto the fabric. Laser printers are typically more expensive and produce higher-quality prints.  Producing your merchandise brings you another step closer to starting a T-shirt business at home. Get Started Tomorrow for Free By Using Print-on-Demand Services Not everyone is interested in printing their own T-shirts. It could be the lack of time or resources,  but that doesn’t necessarily narrow down your T-shirt business opportunities. There are many print-on-demand options available today and they often manage much more than just the printing.  So how does the print-on-demand service work? These businesses collaborate with white-label product providers. By choosing a print-on-demand service you are essentially relying on a third party to produce and deliver T-shirts to your customers.  All you have to do is upload the design you’ve created and they will print it on a T-shirt, baseball cap, or other products and ship it directly to your customer. This is the best way to start a T-shirt business, as it means you won’t have to worry about inventory or fulfillment. A print-on-demand service allows you to fully focus on designing your product.  When choosing a service provider, place an order for a couple of options yourself. This allows you to mark the time it took the merchandise to arrive, the print quality, and the fabric quality of the T-shirt. Print-on-demand services vary in price and quality, so it's important to do your research before selecting one. You can choose your white-label provider or use the options offered by the printing service. You have to trust the white-label provider that the prints will always be top-notch, shipped on time, and that the quality will not deteriorate later on.  There is a lot of competition in the field so make sure you have a unique design and excellent quality to accompany it.  Fees To Include in Profit Calculations There are a few things to keep in mind when using a print-on-demand service. While often advertised as a free way to start a T-shirt business, these services do have several fees you should consider. Typically, these fees will be deducted from your profits, so keep that in mind when calculating your prices.  When starting an online T-shirt business, you can expect to pay $5-8 per white T-shirt and $3-4 for first-class shipping if you decide to go with USPS as your shipping provider. Since customers usually expect free shipping, consider taking on the shipping costs yourself. Your total cost will likely be around $11-12. To earn a profit, you should price your T-shirts anywhere above that. Keep in mind that you should leave enough profit to invest back into your business. Consider selling T-shirts for $25 each.  Market Your Business Once you’ve dealt with all the previous steps, now it’s time for the product to reach your customer base. This is where marketing steps in. You need to create a website for your T-shirt business startup and set up a marketing campaign.  Create a Website Creating a website for your product-based business is critical. A website provides a space for your potential customers to learn more about your products and decide whether or not they want to buy from you. Above all, your website should be easy to navigate with high-quality images of T-shirts, colors, and designs available. It should also include a clear sizing chart, descriptions of materials, and your contact information.  Building a website can be a daunting task, but it doesn't have to be. If you're looking to create a website on your own, there are a few different options you can go for. Keep in mind that paying someone to build your website and the cost of a domain name should be calculated in the T-shirt printing business startup cost.  You can use website builders like Wix or Squarespace, which allow you to create a website without any coding experience. This route can have a steep learning curve, especially if you haven't done it before. You can also be quite limited when it comes to the design and functionality of your website. The upside is that it's a very cost-effective way to get started.  If you're looking for something more custom or want more control over your website, you'll either need to do it yourself or hire a software developer. Hiring someone is likely to be more expensive, so it’s not a common choice for those looking to start a T-shirt business on a budget. Going custom will allow you to create a truly memorable website that will perfectly fit your needs. Build Your Brand Branding is one of the most important aspects of any business and T-shirt printing is no different. You'll want to create a logo and a slogan representing your business. The logo should be simple and easy to remember as you’ll use it on your website, packaging, and marketing materials.  You'll also want to develop a color scheme and font style that you can use on all of your T-shirts. This will help create a cohesive look for your T-shirt business startup. Another important aspect of branding is making your business recognizable. Participating in local events or sponsoring a cause you believe in can help you reach more potential customers. People tend to buy more from businesses they trust, so don't be shy and get your brand out in the open. Of course, if you’re setting up an online shop and would like to reach a different sort of market and not the local one, ensure that you're marketing your T-shirt business to the right audience. You'll want to make sure that you're focusing on people who are likely to be interested in your T-shirts and fit the profile of your target customer. This leads us to the next step: marketing your T-shirt through the proper channels. Start a Marketing Campaign on the Right Channels Social media channels are a great way to connect with potential customers and share more about your business. You’ll likely get closer to your consumers by sharing information about your products and presenting special offers and discounts. Here are some quick tips for marketing your T-shirt business or startup on social media: Use great visuals. Ensure your photos and videos are high quality and showcase your shirts in the best light possible. Natural lighting is always recommended. Use hashtags. Hashtags are a great way to reach new people and get your T-shirts in front of potential customers. Use relevant hashtags that describe your brand and product, and also pay attention to current viral trends. Engage with your followers. Take the time to like and comment on other people's posts and respond to comments on your own posts. This shows that you're active and engaged with your followers, which makes them more likely to engage with you. Run giveaways and contests. Everyone loves a good giveaway. Hosting a contest is a great way to build excitement around starting a T-shirt line and get people talking about your products. When it comes to marketing your product-based business, there are endless possibilities - so feel free to get creative!  Manage Inventory and Shipping Depending on whether you’re using a print-on-demand service or doing it all on your own, things run a bit different.  The final step in starting your T-shirt business is to manage inventory and shipping. This includes keeping track of your list and packaging and shipping orders. You will need to decide how you want to store your inventory. When selling online or through a service, you won’t have to worry about this part. However, when dealing with physical stock, you'll need to find a place to keep your products safe from environmental factors. Packaging and Shipping The last step when starting a T-shirt business is packaging and shipping. You’ll need to purchase packaging materials, such as boxes, poly mailers, and shipping labels. You should also get a shipping scale to accurately calculate shipping costs. Once you have all the materials you need, it's time to pack and ship your T-shirts. Start by packing them securely in the packaging you’ve chosen. Then, print and attach the labels and take them to the post office or shipping company of your choice.  Get Registered  You’ll need to register your business so you can get paid. The registration process when opening a T-shirt business may vary state-to-state, but it should be a straightforward process nonetheless. To register, you’ll need to choose a unique name for your startup and file for a business license. Not all states ask for a business license for an online shop, so make sure you understand the requirements prior to selling. Registration can usually be done through your state's Secretary of State website or the Small Business Administration. Get Paid No business is viable unless it makes money and no money can be made if you’re not getting paid. You will need to set up a payment processing system for your T-shirt business to start making money. There are a few different options available, such as PayPal or Stripe. All payment systems take some kind of commission for their services, so you might want to calculate these into the price you are charging for T-shirts. Once you have registered and set up a payment processing system, you're ready to start a T-shirt business! Conclusion  That's it! You're now ready to start your very own T-shirt business. Starting any company for free is never easy and it takes time and dedication. You'll learn how to do things that you could have easily outsourced if you had the budget. Nevertheless, you'd still come out of it with an excellent skill set. If you are looking to start a business for free, be prepared to learn a great deal upfront, get organized, and be creative with your marketing. But if you're willing to put in the work, you can definitely start a T-shirt business with no money and make it profitable.
By Vladana Donevski · October 12,2022

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